Beech 1

Beech, also called American beech (scientific name: Fagusgrandifolia), is a pale cream color and has a pink/brown hue. Flat cut/sawn surfaces are plain while quarter cut/sawn surfaces present silvery flecks. Its texture is fine to medium and has a straight grain and luster is moderate.

Beech is commonly found in eastern North America. It is perishable, prone to insect attack, and not durable.

Janka Hardness :

5,780 N (1,300 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

720 kg/m3 (45 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Good for machining, gluing, and finishing. It turns well and responds excellently to steam bending. A large movement in service means stability needs to be considered.


Pricing / Availability

Beech is widely available in the domestic market, and it is an affordable alternative to hard maple thanks to its high density. The material’s hardness also makes it quite a durable choice.



Beech is not mentioned in the IUCN’s Red List or the CITES Appendices.


Common Uses

It is largely used in musical instruments, as furniture, for flooring purposes, for railroad ties, for veneer, for turned wooden objects, and for small wooden products.

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